Vipertex® is the heat transfer division of Rigidized® Metals Corporation, offering enhanced surfaces and tubes for high performance thermal systems.

Why Vipertex®?

Heat transfer enhancement is an important factor in obtaining energy efficiency improvements in exchanger applications. Current energy demands and the desire to increase efficiencies of systems have prompted the development of enhanced heat transfer surfaces. Utilization of enhanced heat transfer tubes is an effective method in the development of high performance thermal systems.

A new type of enhanced three dimensional heat transfer tube, available in stainless steel, titanium and copper, has been created by Vipertex®. This is accomplished through multi-level enhancement that makes the use of a primary surface enhancement and a secondary background pattern. Vipertex® enhanced surfaces have been designed and produced using material surface modifications that optimize flow patterns and increase surface area, resulting in enhanced performance. More homogeneous properties are present since Vipertex® tubes are annealed after the surface pattern is imparted. Enhanced heat transfer tubes are produced under the ASTM A1098 standard, resulting in a cost effective, enhanced heat transfer tube.

Vipertex® enhanced surfaces and tubes offer the following benefits and features:

  • Less fouling
  • Rapid payback
  • Smaller installation footprint
  • Available in a number of alloy systems
  • Enhancement on one or both sides of the tube
  • Enhanced flat sheets available
  • More uniform properties than conventional enhanced tubes
  • Conducive to high volume manufacturing
  • Increased surface area by up to 25%

1EHT in Stainless Steel

2EHT in Stainless Steel

1EHT/MT in Titanium

HB/EHT in Copper

HX/EHT in Stainless Steel

About Us

Vipertex® is the heat transfer division of Rigidized® Metals Corporation – a company backed by more than 80 years of experience in deep-textured metals, renowned dependability, and unsurpassed customer service. Since 1940, Rigidized® Metals Corporation has led the world in the development and production of deep-textured, three dimensional metals used in architectural, industrial and transportation applications. Rigidized® Metals products are known for their attractive, economical and functional appeal. The Rigidized® Metals deep-texturing process adds strength, impact resistance and the ability to hide scratches. It also allows for down-gauging, resulting in lighter, longer lasting products and reduced maintenance costs.Rigidized® Metals’ deep-textured metals are available in a wide palette of textures giving the kind of rich surface variation few materials can provide.

Current Vipertex® standards:

  • Vipertex® Austenitic steel tubes can be produced using the ASTM A1098 standard. Standards for tubes produced from other alloys are currently being developed.
  • ASME Code Case 2877 provides the details for heat exchangers designs that use Vipertex® Austenitic tubes.
Rigidized® Metals Corporation is an organization that is ISO 9001:2015 Certified. We have implemented the ISO 9001:2015 Quality Management System into every aspect of our operations.

Retrofitting with Vipertex® to Resolve Bottlenecks

A common thread that exists within the process industries is the reality of bottlenecks. Despite the best planning, process manufacturing operations, over time, experience changes in product mix and improvements in individual unit efficiency that create a situation where a given process unit becomes the pinch point that limits the facility’s output. By definition, a bottleneck is created.

Because of the exemplary heat transfer efficiency of Vipertex® enhanced surfaces, there is an opportunity in most cases to retrofit heat exchangers with Vipertex® components to resolve bottlenecks. Theoretically, replacing a smooth tube with a Vipertex® tube in the heat exchanger, will at least double the output. This multiple can be as much as five times based on certain operating conditions where the heat transfer improvement is that much greater.

The economic value of bottleneck resolution can be substantial. It is prudent for operators of industrial process heat exchangers, and the suppliers who build and support these installations, to investigate the value of a Vipertex® installation.

Whether you are retrofitting an existing installation or building new, let us help you determine the economic value of using Vipertex®.

Increase Output Without a Bricks and Mortar Investment

Building a new plant is a big decision that has many benefits, as well as drawbacks. On the upside, you can optimize layout and define optimal capacity, taking advantage of the latest technologies, to have a truly up-to-date, efficient facility.

On the downside, it takes a long time to take advantage of a brand new plant’s capacity and in the process industries, the permitting process can be extraordinarily complicated and time consuming. Perhaps there is an opportunity to review existing operations and consider ways to increase output within the confines of the existing facility. If heat exchangers are in the field of opportunity, as they very often are, Vipertex® can help.

Vipertex® enhanced surfaces can increase heat transfer as much as fivefold, compared to smooth tube. Vipertex® flat rolled patterns provide increased surface area and can add a heat transfer function, as well. Using Vipertex® as part of your existing plant expansion strategy can help you:

  • Realize revenue from new capacity faster than a Greenfield site
  • Preserve capital for other investment opportunities
  • Use less energy per unit produced
  • Payback for these enhanced tubes is typically less than 18 months

Improved Burst & Collapse Performance of Vipertex® Enhanced Tubes

Vipertex® tubes are welded from pre-textured strip, which is engineered to provide enhanced heat transfer. A collateral benefit of this texture is a strengthening of the material, which leads to a stronger tube. More homogeneous properties are present since Vipertex® tubes are annealed after the surface pattern is imparted. Burst and collapse pressure test results have demonstrated an approximate 20% improvement as referenced in the tables below.

Burst Pressure Measurements (psi) for SS304L Welded Tube with a 0.75" (19.05mm) OD and a 0.035" (0.889mm) Wall Thickness
SamplePlain, Smooth TubeVipertex® Pattern 1EHT Tube
16,78710,567
26,83310,503
36,72610,676
Average Burst Pressure6,78210,582
Collapse Pressure Measurements (psi) for SS304L Welded Tube with a 0.75" (19.05mm) OD and a 0.035" (0.889mm) Wall Thickness. Collapse pressure estimate shown is per API 5C3 calculation.
SamplePlain, Smooth Tube (Estimate)Vipertex® Pattern 1EHT Tube
12,6693,340
22,6693,842
32,6693,901
Average Collapse Pressure2,6693,694

Pattern Optimization for Specific Applications

Vipertex® enhanced surfaces are produced in a selection of patterns, which were developed with specific purposes in mind.

  • For most applications, our 1EHT surface will provide the best solution. It has been engineered to provide enhanced thermal transfer through increased surface area, in addition to surface patterns that promote turbulence and nucleation sites.
  • 2EHT provides a surface absent of dimples to accommodate applications requiring simpler geometry, as in the case of very small diameter tubes.
  • Single phase flow studies and bundle testing studies performed at HTRI® for 1EHT and 2EHT tubes.
  • Our new herringbone (HB/EHT) and helix (HX/EHT) patterns, currently in development, are engineered surfaces that are optimized for certain condenser tube applications.

It is possible to accommodate minor adjustments to these patterns to optimize them for your specific application. If it becomes important to develop a completely unique solution that goes beyond adjustments to an existing Vipertex® pattern, it would have to be reviewed as a development project with adequate volume associated with the opportunity to justify the development costs.

Explore related applications by clicking on these links for more information.